Vaginal dryness

Vaginal dryness is a common problem that many women have at some point in their lives. But there are things that can help.

Symptoms of vaginal dryness

You may have vaginal dryness if you:

These things may make you feel less like you want to have sex.

Causes of vaginal dryness

You can get vaginal dryness if you:

These things can cause a change in your hormone levels. This change can affect how much vaginal discharge or fluid you have.

You can also have vaginal dryness if you:

How to treat vaginal dryness yourself

You can try these things before you see a GP. You can get most of them from a pharmacy without a prescription.


  • use water-based lubricants before sex – put these in and around your vagina, on your partner's penis, on your partner's fingers, or on a sex toy if you're using one

  • use vaginal moisturisers for vaginal dryness – you can put these inside your vagina to keep it moist

  • use unperfumed soaps and washes around your vagina

  • try to enjoy more foreplay so you feel more aroused during sex


  • do not use perfumed soaps, washes and any douches in and around your vagina

  • do not put creams or lotions like petroleum jelly inside your vagina as it can cause an infection

  • do not use moisturisers that are not for your vagina

Non-urgent advice: See a GP if:

  • you've had vaginal dryness for a few weeks and things you've tried yourself are not working
  • vaginal dryness is affecting your daily life
  • you have unusual discharge or bleeding from your vagina
  • you have bleeding after sex or in between your periods

If you're getting vaginal dryness because of changes in your hormone levels, you may be prescribed creams, gels, patches or medicines to increase a hormone called oestrogen. This is called HRT.

Page last reviewed: 30 December 2021
Next review due: 30 December 2024