Phlebitis (superficial thrombophlebitis)

Phlebitis means "inflammation of a vein".

The vein becomes inflamed because there's blood clotting inside it or the vein walls are damaged.

Superficial thrombophlebitis is the term for an inflamed vein near the surface of the skin (usually a varicose vein) caused by a blood clot.

Symptoms of phlebitis

Symptoms of superficial thrombophlebitis include:

This is usually on the lower leg, although it can occasionally affect surface veins in the arms, penis or breast.

Is phlebitis serious?

Superficial thrombophlebitis in a leg is not usually serious.

The blood clot usually clears and the inflammation dies down within a few weeks.

Most people with superficial thrombophlebitis are otherwise well.

There should not be any foul discharge or abscess, and it's normally just lumps under the skin rather than swelling of the whole calf.

This may be painful, but it should not prevent you walking normally.

At-risk groups

You're more at risk of superficial thrombophlebitis if you:

Treatments for phlebitis

Phlebitis is inflammation, not infection, so antibiotics are not helpful.

You can follow this advice to help reduce any pain and swelling:

Outlook

When the inflammation settles, you may be left with darkened skin and the lump may take 3 or 4 months to go. But most people make a full recovery.

If the thrombophlebitis was in a varicose vein, it's likely that the varicose veins will keep coming back, possibly with further episodes of thrombophlebitis. 

This is because there's a basic problem with the vein and you may need this removed.

Find out more about how varicose veins are treated

Risk of deep vein thrombosis

There's a small chance of the blood clot travelling along the vein to where it meets a deeper vein and a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) developing.

This is more likely if the surface clot extends into the upper thigh or groin, or behind the knee (in places where superficial veins meet deeper veins).

It's also more likely to happen if:

A DVT can cause pain, swelling and a heavy ache in your leg. See a GP immediately if you experience these symptoms.

Find out more about DVTs

Page last reviewed: 1 May 2019
Next review due: 1 May 2022