Catarrh

Catarrh is a build-up of mucus in an airway or cavity of the body.

It usually affects the back of the nose, the throat or the sinuses (air-filled cavities in the bones of the face).

It's often temporary, but some people experience it for months or years. This is known as chronic catarrh.

Catarrh can be a nuisance and may be difficult to get rid of, but it's not harmful and there are treatments available.

Symptoms associated with catarrh

Catarrh can lead to a:

These problems can be frustrating to live with and may affect your sleep, making you feel tired.

Treatments for catarrh

Catarrh will often pass in a few days or weeks as the condition that causes it improves.

There are things you can try at home to relieve your symptoms, such as:

There are also several remedies, such as herbal medicines, available from health shops and pharmacies that claim to treat catarrh.

Some people find these helpful, but there's generally little scientific evidence to suggest they work.

If you have a high temperature or you do not feel well enough to do your normal activities, try to stay at home and avoid contact with other people until you feel better.

When to see a GP

Speak to a GP if your catarrh persists and is becoming difficult to live with.

They may want to rule out conditions that could be causing it, such as nasal polyps or allergies.

This may mean you need to be referred to a specialist for tests.

If you're diagnosed with a specific underlying condition, treating it may help relieve your catarrh.

For example, nasal polyps may be treated with a steroid nasal spray, or in some cases surgery. 

Find out more about treating nasal polyps

If a cause for your catarrh cannot be found, the self-help techniques above may be recommended. 

Unfortunately, however, chronic catarrh can be hard to treat and may last for a long time.

What causes catarrh?

Catarrh is usually caused by the immune system reacting to an infection or irritation, which causes the lining of your nose and throat to become swollen and produce mucus.

This can be triggered by:

It's unclear what causes chronic catarrh, but it's not thought to be the result of an allergy or infection.

It may be related to an abnormality in the way mucus travels within the nose or an increased sensitivity to mucus in the back of the nose and throat.

Page last reviewed: 16 November 2018
Next review due: 16 November 2021