Urethritis is when the tube that carries pee from the bladder out of the body (urethra) becomes swollen and sore. It's often caused by a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It's important to get it treated to avoid it spreading to other people.

Gonococcal urethritis is when the infection is caused by gonorrhoea.

Non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU) or non-specific urethritis is more common. This is when the infection is caused by something other than gonorrhoea, such as chlamydia.

Check if you have urethritis

Symptoms of urethritis include:

If urethritis is caused by a sexually transmitted infection (STI), it can take a few days or weeks for symptoms to appear after having sex.

Urethritis does not always have symptoms. If you have sex without a condom, a person with urethritis and no symptoms can pass on the infection without realising it.

Non-urgent advice: Go to a sexual health clinic or see a GP if:

  • you think you might have urethritis or a sexually transmitted infection (STI)

It's important to get it treated to avoid it spreading to other people.

What happens at your appointment

If you have symptoms of urethritis, you may have:

You may also be offered tests for other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Healthcare professionals at the clinic or GP surgery will tell you when you'll get your test results.

If the test shows that you have urethritis, anyone you've had sex with recently should be contacted and asked to get tested and treated if needed. The sexual health clinic can advise you about this.

Find out more about visiting a sexual health clinic.

Treatment for urethritis

Urethritis is usually treated with antibiotics. It may take a week or two for your symptoms to disappear completely.

Any current sexual partners may also need treatment.

Avoid having sex (including oral sex) until you and any sexual partners have finished treatment and the symptoms have gone.

You may be asked to come back for another appointment in 1 to 2 weeks to check the treatment has worked.

Causes of urethritis

Urethritis is usually caused by a sexually transmitted infection (STI) such as chlamydia.

You can get it if you have unprotected sex (without a condom) with someone who has the infection.

Rarely, it can be caused by damaging the urethra (for example, from a urinary catheter).

Sometimes no cause for the urethritis can be found.

How to avoid getting urethritis

You can reduce your chances of getting urethritis by:

You can get tested for urethritis and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) even if you do not have symptoms. This can help you avoid passing on infections without realising it.

Complications of urethritis

Although complications are rare, sometimes urethritis can cause further problems such as:

Page last reviewed: 10 May 2023
Next review due: 10 May 2026