AMD affects the middle part of your vision, not the edges (peripheral vision).

You can get it in 1 eye or both.

Blurry book showing what vision is like for a person with early AMD
The first symptom is often a blurred or distorted area in your vision.
A dark patch in the vision of someone with AMD
If it gets worse, you might struggle to see anything in the middle of your vision.

AMD can make things like reading, watching TV, driving or recognising faces difficult.

Other symptoms include:

AMD is not painful and does not affect the appearance of your eyes.


Sometimes AMD may be found during a routine eye test before you have symptoms.

Non-urgent advice: See an optician if you're worried about your vision

If you have a problem with your eyes, early diagnosis and treatment may help stop your vision getting worse.

Find an opticians

Urgent advice: Get an urgent opticians appointment if:

  • your vision gets suddenly worse
  • you have a dark "curtain" or shadow moving across your vision
  • your eye is red and painful

These are not symptoms of AMD, but can be signs of other eye problems that need to be treated immediately.

Go to A&E or call 111 straight away if you cannot get an urgent appointment.

Find an A&E department

Page last reviewed: 20 April 2021
Next review due: 20 April 2024